De ajedrecistas sin título

reinfeldTodos los ajedrecistas habremos leído algún libro de Fred Reinfeld, pues era un prolífico escritor, pero en realidad, ¿Quién era este personaje? ¿Jugaba bien al ajedrez? ¿Cómo era físicamente? ¿Qué exitos tuvo en el tablero? Pues bien, me di a la tarea de investigar un poco y rápidamente el oráculo que es la Wikipedia me sacó de mis dudas. He aquí lo que encontré:

Fred Reinfeld habrá escrito una buena cantidad de libros, más de 100, y no sólo de ajedrez, aunque este tema, desde luego, fue el que le dio mas fama. Tiene libros de aperturas, medio juego, colecciones de partidas y biografías. La mayoría de los libros de Reinfeld eran para los principiantes, pero eso no quiere decir que no se pudiese sacar provecho de algunas de sus obras siendo ya un ajedrecista de primera línea.

Entre los galardones que recibió, fue la persona número 26 dentro del Salón de la Fama del ajedrez norteamericano (1966). Y aunque se le recuerda por sus múltiples libros, fue también un fuerte jugador en su tiempo en los Estados Unidos, mucho antes de que el ajedrez cobrara la relativa importancia que ahora empieza a tener. En los Estados Unidos, en su momento, fue el sexto mejor jugador, después de  Reuben Fine, Samuel Reshevsky, Alexander Kevitz, Arthur Dake y Albert Simonson.  Reinfeld ganó en 1933 el Campeonato de la Ciudad de Nueva York, terminando las 11 rondas sin derrota y por encima de Fina, Santasiere y Denker. Durante su carrera venció a grandes maestros como Reshevsky (dos veces), Fine, Marshall y Denker. Empató incluso contra el Campeón del Mundo Alexander Alekhine.

Reinfeld también fue un prolífico autor de libros sobre damas inglesas, numistmática, filatelia, geología, historia, medicina, física, ciencias política y jurisprudencia. Su último libro ganó el premio de la Fundación Tomás Alva Edison. Además de estas obras escritas bajo su nombre real, usó los pseudónimos de Robert V. Masters y Edward Young en algunos libros escritos por él.

El 29 de mayo de 1964, con sólo 54 años, murió -aparentemente de un aneurisma.

Algunas de las partidas importantes de Reinfeld:

Esta es la lista de libros escrita por Reinfeld:

  • 101 Chess Problems for Beginners (Wilshire, Hollywood, 1960) (ISBN 0-87980-017-8)
  •     1001 Brilliant Chess Sacrifices and Combinations (Sterling, New York, 1955)
  •     1001 Brilliant Ways to Checkmate (Wilshire Books, Hollywood, 1955) (ISBN 0-87980-110-7)
  •     1001 Chess Sacrifices and Combinations (Barnes & Noble, New York, 1959) (ISBN 0-87980-111-5)
  •     1001 Ways to Checkmate (Sterling, New York, 1955)
  •     A Chess Primer (Dolphin Books, Garden City, 1962)
  •     A New Approach to Chess Mastery (Hanover House, Garden City, 1959)
  •     A Treasury of British Chess Masterpieces (Chatto & Windus, London, 1950)
  •     A. Alekhine vs. E.D. Bogoljubow : World’s Chess Championship 1934 (McKay, Philadelphia, 1934)
  •     An Expert’s Guide to Chess Strategy (Hollywood, 1976)
  •     Art of Chess (edited by Reinfeld; written by Mason) (1958) (ISBN 0-486-20463-4)
  •     Art of Sacrifice in Chess (ISBN 0-486-28449-2)
  •     Attack and Counterattack In Chess (Barnes & Noble, New York, 1958)
  •     Beginner’s Guide to Winning Chess (ISBN 0-87980-215-4)
  •     Book of the 1935 Margate Tournament
  •     Book of the 1935 Warsaw International Chess Team Tournament
  •     Book of the 1936-37 Hastings Tournament
  •     Botvinnik the Invincible
  •     Botvinnik’s Best Games, 1927–1934
  •     British Chess Masters: Past and Present
  •     Challenge to Chessplayers (McKay, Philadelphia, 1947)
  •     Chess At-A-Glance by Edward Young (Ottenheimer, Baltimore, 1955)
  •     Chess By Yourself (McKay, Philadelphia, 1946)
  •     Chess Combinations and Traps
  •     Chess for Amateurs: How To Improve Your Game (McKay, Philadelphia, 1942)
  •     Chess for Children, with Moves and Positions Pictured in Photo and Diagram (ISBN 0-8069-4905-8)
  •     Chess for Young People
  •     Chess: How to play the Queen Pawn Openings (W Foulsham & Co, London, undated)
  •     Chess In A Nutshell (Permabooks, New York, 1958) (ISBN 0-671-64391-6)
  •     Chess is an Easy Game
  •     Chess Mastery by Question and Answer (McKay, Philadelphia, 1939)
  •     Chess Quiz (McKay, Philadelphia, 1945)
  •     Chess Secrets Revealed (Wilshire, Hollywood, 1959)
  •     Chess Strategy and Tactics: Fifty Master Games (Black Knight, New York, 1933)
  •     Chess Strategy for Offense and Defense (Barnes & Noble, New York, 1955)
  •     Chess Tactics for Beginners (ISBN 0-87980-019-4)
  •     Chess Traps, Pitfalls, and Swindles (ISBN 0-671-21041-6)
  •     Chess Victory Move By Move
  •     Chess: Attack and Counterattack (Sterling, New York, 1955)
  •     Chess: Win in 20 Moves or Less (Crowell, New York, 1962)
  •     Complete Chess Course (ISBN 0-385-00464-8)
  •     Complete Chess Player (ISBN 0-671-76895-6)
  •     Colle’s Chess Masterpieces (Black Knight Press, New York, 1936)
  •     Complete Book of Chess Openings (Sterling, New York, 1957)
  •     Complete Book of Chess Stratagems (Sterling, New York, 1958)
  •     Creative Chess (Sterling, New York, 1959)
  •     Development of a Chess Genius, 100 Instructive Games of Alekhine (Dover)
  •     Dr. Lasker’s Chess Career, Part I, 1889–1914 (Printingcraft, London, 1935)
  •     E. S. Lowe’s Chess In 30 Minutes (E.S. Lowe Co, New York, 1955)
  •     Eighth Book of Chess: How to Play the Queen Pawn Openings and Other Close Games (Sterling, New York, 1957)
  •     Epic Battles of the Chessboard (ISBN 0-486-29355-6) (Editor in collaboration with Israel Albert Horowitz, the author was Richard Nevil Coles)
  •     Fifth Book of Chess: How to Win When You’re Ahead (Sterling, New York, 1955)
  •     Fifty-one Brilliant Chess Masterpieces (Capitol Pub, New York, 1950)
  •     First Book of Chess (with I.A.Horowitz) (Harper & Row, New York 1952)
  •     Fourth Book of Chess: How to Play the Black Pieces (Sterling, New York, 1955)
  •     Games of the 1938 Washington State Chess Association Championship (1938)
  •     Great Brilliancy Prize Games of the Chess Masters (Collier, New York, 1961)(ISBN 0-486-28614-2)
  •     Great Games By Chess Prodigies (Macmillan, New York, 1967)
  •     Great Moments In Chess (Doubleday, New York, 1963)
  •     Great Short Games of the Chess Masters (Collier, New York, 1961)(ISBN 0-486-29266-5)
  •     How Do You Play Chess?
  •     How Not to Play Chess (Edited by Reinfeld; authored by Znosko-Borovsky) (ISBN 0-486-20920-2)
  •     How To Be A Winner at Chess (Hanover, Garden City, 1954)(ISBN 0-449-91206-X)
  •     How To Beat Your Opponent Quickly (Sterling, New York, 1956)
  •     How To Force Checkmate (Dover, New York, 1958) (ISBN 0-486-20439-1)
  •     How To Get More Out of Chess (Hanover, Garden City, 1957)
  •     How To Improve Your Chess (with Horowitz) (Collier, New York, 1952)
  •     How To Play Better Chess (Pitman, New York, 1948)
  •     How To Play Chess Like A Champion (Fawcett, Greenwich, 1956)
  •     How To Play Winning Chess (Bantam Books, New York, 1962)
  •     How to Think Ahead in Chess (with Horowitz)
  •     How To Win Chess Games Quickly (Barnes & Noble, New York, 1957)
  •     Hypermodern Chess: As Developed in the Games of its Greatest Exponent Aron Nimzovich (Dover, New York, 1948)(ISBN 0-486-20448-0)
  •     Immortal Games of Capablanca (ISBN 0-486-26333-9)
  •     Improving Your Chess (Barnes & Noble, New York, 1955)
  •     Improving Your Chess (Faber, London, 1954)
  •     Instructive and Practical Endings From Master Chess
  •     Kemeri Tournament, 1937
  •     Keres’ Best Games of Chess (1941)
  •     Keres’ Best Games of Chess, 1931–1948 (Printed Arts Co., 1949)
  •     Lasker’s Greatest Chess Games, 1889–1914 (Dover, New York, 1963)
  •     Learn Chess Fast! (with Reshevsky) (McKay, Philadelphia, 1947)
  •     Learn Chess From the Masters (Dover, New York, 1946)
  •     Modern Fundamentals of Chess
  •     Morphy Chess Masterpieces (with Soltis) (Macmillan, New York, 1974)
  •     Morphy’s Games of Chess (by Sergeant; edited by Reinfeld) (ISBN 0-486-20386-7)
  •     My System: A Treatise on Chess (by Nimzovich; edited by Reinfeld) (McKay, Philadelphia, 1947)
  •     Nimzovich: The Hypermodern (McKay, Philadelphia, 1948)
  •     Practical End-game Play (Pitman, London, 1940)
  •     Reinfeld Explains Chess (Sterling, New York, 1957)
  •     Reinfeld On The End-Game in Chess (Dover, New York, 1957)
  •     Relax With Chess and Win In 20 Moves (Pitman, New York, 1948)
  •     Second Book of Chess: The Nine Bad Moves, and How to Avoid Them (Sterling, New York, 1953)
  •     Semmering-Baden Tournament of 1937
  •     Seventh Book of Chess: How to Play the King Pawn Openings (Sterling, New York, 1956)
  •     Sixth Book of Chess: How to Fight Back (Sterling, New York, 1955)
  •     Strategy in the Chess Endgame
  •     Tarrasch’s Best Games of Chess (Chatto & Windus, London 1947)
  •     The Book of the Cambridge Springs International Tournament 1904 (Black Knight Press, 1935)
  •     The Chess Masters On Winning Chess
  •     The Complete Book of Chess Tactics (Doubleday, Garden City, 1961)
  •     The Complete Chess Course (Doubleday, Garden City, 1959)
  •     The Complete Chessplayer (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1953)
  •     The Complete Chessplayer by Edward Young (New English Library, London, 1960)
  •     The Great Chess Masters and Their Games (Hanover, Garden City, 1960)
  •     The Easiest Way To Learn Chess (Simon & Schuaster, New York, 1960)
  •     The Elements of Combination Play In Chess (Black Knight, New York, 1935)
  •     The Fireside Book of Chess (with Chernev) (Simon & Schuster, New York, 1949)
  •     The Games of the 1933 Match Between S. Flohr and M. Botvinnik
  •     The Human Side of Chess (Pellegrini & Cudahy, New York 1952)
  •     The Immortal Games of Capablanca
  •     The Joys of Chess (Hanover, Garden City, 1961)
  •     The Macmillan Handbook of Chess
  •     The Secret of Tactical Chess (Crowell, New York, 1958)
  •     The Treasury of Chess Lore (McKay, New York, 1951)
  •     The Unknown Alekhine 1905–1914
  •     The USCF 7th Biennial US Championship of 1948
  •     The Way To Better Chess (Macmillan, New York, 1959)
  •     Third Book of Chess: How to Play the White Pieces (Sterling, New York, 1954)
  •     Thirty Five Nimzowitsch Games, 1904–1927
  •     Two Weeks To Winning Chess
  •     Ventnor City Tournament, 1939 (New York, 1939)
  •     Why You Lose At Chess (Simon & Schustor, New York, 1956)
  •     Win at Chess (Dover, New York, 1958) (ISBN 0-486-41878-2)
  •     Winning Chess: How to Perfect your Attacking Play
  •     Winning Chess for Beginners (Grosset, New York, 1959)

Winning Chess Openings (Hanover, Garden City, 1961)

Otros libros de Fred Reinfeld (aka Robert Masters):

  • A Catalogue of the World’s Most Popular Coins, (Sterling, New York, 1956)
  •     A Catalogue of European Coins (Oak Tree Press, London, 1961)
  •     A Simplified Guide to Collecting American Paper Money, (Hanover House, New York, 1960)
  •     A Treasury of American Coins (Garden City, New York, 1961)
    Blazer the Bear (Sterling, New York, 1953)
  •     Cash for Your Coins (Sterling, New York, 1957)
  •     Coin Collecting (Bonanza, New York, 1958)
  •     Coin Collecting for Beginners (with Burton Hobson) (ISBN 0-87980-022-4)
  •     Coin Collector’s Handbook (Sterling, New York, 1954)
  •     Coin Dictionary and Guide (with C.C. Chamberlain) (Bonanza, New York, 1960)
  •     Coinometry (with David Boehm) (Sterling, New York, 1952)
  •     Commemorative Stamps of the U.S.A. (Bramhall House, New York, 1956)
  •     First Book of Famous Battles (Garden City, New York, 1961)
  •     Fun with Stamp Collecting (Garden City, NT, 1957)
  •     How to Be a Winner at Checkers (Hanover House, New York, 1960)
  •     How to Build a Coin Collection (Sterling, New York, 1958)
  •     How to Play Checkers (Barnes & Noble, New York, 1957)
  •     How to Play Top-Notch Checkers (Sterling, New York, 1957)
  •     How to Win at Checkers (ISBN 0-87980-068-2) (Wilshire, Hollywood, 1957)
  •     Manual of Coin Collectors and Investors (Sterling, New York, 1963)
  •     Miracle Drugs and the New Age of Medicine (Sterling, New York, 1957)
  •     Oliver Twist (Pocket Books, New York, 1948)
  •     Picture Book of Ancient Coins (Sterling, New York, 1963)
  •     Picture Book of Atomic Science (Sterling, New York, 1963)
  •     Pictorial Guide to Coin Conditions (with Burton Hobson) (Garden City, New York, 1962)
  •     Pony Express (Collier, New York, 1966) (ISBN 0-8032-5786-4)
  •     Rays Visible and Invisible (Sterling, New York, 1958)
  •     Stamp Collectors’ Handbook
  •     Stamp Collector’s Price Guide (with Robert Obojski) (Sterling, New York, 1986)
  •     The Biggest Job in the World: The American Presidency (Crowell, New York, 1964)
  •     The Great Dissenters, Guardians of their Country’s Laws and Liberties (Crowell, New York, 1959)
  •     The Real Book About Famous Battles (Doubleday, New York, 1961)
  •     The Real Book About Whales and Whaling (Garden City, New York, 1960)
  •     The Story of Paper Money, Including Catalogue of Values (Sterling, NT, 1957)
  •     They Almost Made It (Thomas Crowell Co., New York, 1956)
  •     Trappers of the West (Crowell, New York, 1957)
  •     Treasures of the Earth (Sterling, New York, 1954)
  •     Treasury of the World’s Coins (Sterling, New York, 1953)
  •     Uranium and other Miracle Metals (Sterling, New York, 1955)
  •     US Commemorative Coins and Stamps (Sterling, New York, 1964)
  •     What’s New in Science (Sterling, New York, 1960)
  •     Young Charles Darwin (Sterling, New York, 1956)

En alguna medida Reinfeld podría compararse -guardando proporciones y distancias- con Asimov por su gran cantidad de libros. Probablemente Reinfeld habría sido al menos un jugador con una fuerza de Maestro Internacional aunque algunos resultados lo ubicarían probablemente como Gran Maestro.

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